Speed methamphetamine, C 10 H 15 N is a potent and addictive central nervous system stimulant, chemically related to amphetamine, but with greater central nervous system side effects. It is a white, odorless, bitter-tasting powder that easily dissolves in water or alcohol. Methamphetamine is classified as a Schedule II stimulant by the U. Drug Enforcement Agency DEAwhich means it has a high potential for abuse and is available legally only by prescription. When abused, methamphetamine is usually smoked, snorted, injected, or taken orally. Medically, methamphetamine has been used for the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD and obesity, but these uses are limited in the U.
Amphetamines are synthetic stimulant drugs, which means they speed up the workings of the brain. There are legal prescribed by a doctor and illegal amphetamines.
Long-term misuse of amphetamines can lead to serious problems, including changes to the brain, cardiovascular damage, malnutrition and anxiety and paranoia. While these are legal forms of amphetamine, the misuse or recreational use of these medications is illegal. Illegal amphetamines are made and sold illegally. In most cases, it is difficult to determine their quality and purity — they can be a mix of drugs, binding agents, caffeine and sugar. It is illegal to make or sell amphetamines. It is also illegal to possess or use amphetamines, unless they have been prescribed by a doctor for medical reasons.
In recent years, a range of synthetic products, claiming to have similar effects to amphetamines, have also been available in Australia. It is unclear what the active ingredient in these products is — they may contain various chemicals, such as methylenedioxypyrovalerone MDPV. Taking these drugs is risky, they can have more unpredictable effects and are potentially more harmful than amphetamines.
Many pills sold as ecstasy contain only small amounts of MDMA, or sometimes none. The effects of ecstasy can share some similarities with amphetamines — such as feeling energetic and euphoric, and having an increased heart rate.
Amphetamines prompt the brain to release hormones and other chemicals. There is no safe level of drug use. The effects of amphetamines, and how long the effects last, depend on various factors such as:. Amphetamine use can also impair judgement and contribute to accidents and injury such as motor vehicle crashes.
Even if the effects of the amphetamines have worn off, there may still be amphetamines in your system. As a rough guide, methamphetamines can be detected in the blood around 4 to 8 hours after use, and in the urine for around 2 to 5 days after use.
This happens when amphetamines are used continuously for several days without sleep. A drug overdose is a medical emergency. You can still be in danger even if not all overdose symptoms are present.
Overdose can lead to strokeheart attack and death. If you suspect an overdose, call triple zero for an ambulance immediately. Using amphetamines on a regular basis can lead to ificant health and lifestyle problems such as:. It is possible to build up a tolerance to amphetamines, which means the person using the drug needs to take larger doses to achieve the same effect. Over time, the body may come to depend on amphetamines just to function normally.
The person craves the drug and their psychological dependence can make someone anxious if access is denied, even temporarily. If you have been using amphetamines for a long time, giving up can be a challenge. Your body and mind will need to adjust to functioning without the drug.
These usually occur at the start and settle down after a week. Most withdrawal symptoms disappear after a month. This can cause nausea, extreme exhaustion, irritability and feeling depressed.
Treatment options for drug use include:. Amphetamine use is restricted in Australia and can only be prescribed by a medical doctor for certain health conditions. This has been produced in consultation with and approved by:. The size of a standard drink can vary according to the type of alcohol.
Prolonged misuse of steroids can cause liver damage and severe mood swings. Benzodiazepines tranquillisers are highly addictive Speed effects on the body should only be used for certain conditions in a short-term or emergency situation. Caffeine is a stimulant that acts on the brain and nervous system. Content on this website is provided for information purposes only. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not in any way endorse or support such therapy, service, product or treatment and is not intended to replace advice from your doctor or other registered health professional.
The information and materials contained on this website are not intended to constitute a comprehensive guide concerning all aspects of the therapy, product or treatment described on the website. All users are urged to always seek advice from a registered health care professional for diagnosis and answers to their medical questions and to ascertain whether the particular therapy, service, product or treatment described on the website is suitable in their circumstances.
The State of Victoria and the Department of Health shall not bear any liability for reliance by any user on the materials contained on this website. Home Drugs. Actions for this Listen Print. Summary Read the full fact sheet. On this. Amphetamine use in Australia What are amphetamines? In1. What are amphetamines? Types of amphetamines The most common amphetamine in Australia is methamphetamine, which comes in three forms: ice crystal methamphetamine — is a crystal or crystalline powder, and is a stronger form of methamphetamine. Synthetic amphetamines In recent years, a range of synthetic products, claiming to have similar effects to amphetamines, have also been available in Australia.
How amphetamines work Amphetamines prompt the brain to release hormones and other chemicals. These changes include: release of adrenalin and dopamine increased heart rate and blood pressure increased blood flow to the peripheral muscles such as in the arms and legs feeling alert, decreases fatigue — this effect is often short lived.
How is speed abused?
How amphetamines affect the body There is no safe level of drug use. The effects of amphetamines, and how long the effects last, depend on various factors such as: Amount and strength of the dose. The blend of chemicals.
Whether other drugs are used at the same time this includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines. Response to the drug for example, someone who uses amphetamines for the first time may have a different experience to someone who has used before. Depending on how you use amphetamines, effects can be felt: immediately injecting or smoking up to 30 minutes snorting or swallowed. Short-term effects of amphetamines Some of the immediate effects of amphetamines include: a burst of energy — making the user talkative, restless and excited accelerated heart rate and breathing high-blood pressure hypertension dry mouth and jaw clenching sweating dilated large pupils loss of appetite increased sex drive libido nosebleeds and damage to the nasal passage from snorting.
How long do amphetamine effects last? What is binge crashing?
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You may experience: sleep difficulties, extreme exhaustion headachesmuscle twitching and aches irritability, mood swings and depression paranoiahallucinations, confusion change in body temperature. Symptoms of amphetamine overdose Amphetamine overdose may occur if you: take a strong batch use a large amount mix amphetamines with other drugs — including over-the-counter and prescription medicines. Symptoms of amphetamine overdose may include: breathing difficulties seizures including fits and uncontrolled jerking chest pain or racing heartbeat chills or fever no urine output extreme agitation — can lead to hostility, aggression and violence paranoiahallucinations or delusions.
Amphetamine dependence, tolerance and withdrawal It is possible to build up a tolerance to amphetamines, which means the person using the drug needs to take larger doses to achieve the same effect. Amphetamine withdrawal If you have been using amphetamines for a long time, giving up can be a challenge. If you decide to stop or cut down, you may experience withdrawal symptoms. Withdrawal symptoms include: tiredness anxietydepression and paranoia confusion and crankiness extreme hunger aches and pains sleep problems and nightmares.
Treatment for amphetamine misuse Treatment options for drug use include: detoxification individual counselling group therapy. Peer support — or talking to someone who has been in the same situation — can also be helpful.
See your doctor for information and referral, or contact an alcohol and drug service. Amphetamines and the law Amphetamine use is restricted in Australia and can only be prescribed by a medical doctor for certain health conditions.
Penalties apply for amphetamines under federal and state laws for anyone who: Uses or keeps amphetamines in their possession. Makes, supplies or sells amphetamines to another person this includes without their consent — such as drink spiking.
Drives under the influence of amphetamines. Forges, alters or falsely obtains a prescription for amphetamines.
Sells or possesses ice pipes applies in some states and territories, including Victoria. Counselling Online Tel. AmphetaminesAlcohol and Drug Foundation. Give feedback about this. Was this helpful? Yes No. View all drugs. Related information.
Support groups Family Drug Help. From other websites Alcohol and Drug Foundation.